Category Archives: Natural Born Citizen

John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, and the Mystery of the “Natural Born Citizen” Letter

Famous Letter from Jay to Washington Proposed a Constitutional “Natural Born Citizen” Clause In the summer of 1787, leaders from across America were gathered in Philadelphia in a convention that would create a new Constitution for the fledgling United States. … Continue reading

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Natural Law, Calvin’s Case and the Meaning of “Natural Born Citizen”

For the past 3 years, a few people have been pushing the idea that the Constitutional term “natural born citizen” comes from “natural law” or the “law of nature” — and that by the law of nature, “it takes two … Continue reading

Posted in Conclusions, Natural Born Citizen, New Information | 9 Comments

Birther Bust Bombshell: Prominent Legal Expert St. George Tucker DIRECTLY Refutes Mario Apuzzo’s Crank Natural Born Citizen Claim

“Birther” lawyer Mario Apuzzo has repeatedly claimed that early American legal expert St. George Tucker supports his well-debunked assertion that it takes two citizen parents at the time of birth for a person to be a “natural born citizen” and … Continue reading

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Early Use of the Term “Natural Born Citizen”

“Birther” lawyer Mario Apuzzo states that “the ‘natural born Citizen’ clause as applies to republics is a word of art, an idiom, and therefore has a very specific meaning which comes down through the ages.” And he maintains that this … Continue reading

Posted in Conclusions, Natural Born Citizen, New Information | 75 Comments

What the Writers on the Law of Nations Had to Say Relevant to Natural Born Citizenship

Note: This article continues and concludes a series of three posts on “American common law” that began here and has continued with consideration of the Law of Nations, here. In a broader sense, it also completes a series of articles … Continue reading

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Natural Born Citizenship and the “Law of Nations”

Did the Meaning of “Natural Born Citizen” Come From “American Common Law” Derived from the Law of Nations? New Evidence Destroys Claim on the Origin of “Natural Born Citizen.” One of the two foundational pillars of the “birther movement” has … Continue reading

Posted in Conclusions, Natural Born Citizen, New Information | 90 Comments

America’s First Legal Text — Subscribed to by George Washington, John Adams, and James Madison — Reveals the Meaning of “Natural Born.”

In this article, we will see how America’s first legal text reveals an understanding of what the Founding Fathers’ generation meant by “natural born” — as in “natural born citizen.” In 1795, United States Representative Zephaniah Swift began publishing the … Continue reading

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“At Common-Law… It Was Never Doubted:”
Minor v Happersett and the American Common Law

Here We Document Legal Evidence that American Common Law Defined “Natural Born Citizen” as a Person Born on US Soil of Two Citizen Parents.   “At common-law, with the nomenclature of which the framers of the Constitution were familiar, it … Continue reading

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Some Questions for Mario Apuzzo on Natural Born Citizenship

Recently, Mario Apuzzo, the main proponent of the claim that “natural born citizen” means “someone born on US soil of two citizen parents” — has participated in some debate here regarding Swiss philosopher Emer de Vattel’s influence (or lack thereof) … Continue reading

Posted in Conclusions, Natural Born Citizen, New Information, Stuff Birthers Believe | 245 Comments

Vattel and “Natural Born Citizen”

According to a new wave of commentators on the US Constitution — such as “birther” lawyer Mario Apuzzo — the Founding Fathers, when writing that the President was required to be a “natural born citizen,” did not rely on our … Continue reading

Posted in Conclusions, Natural Born Citizen, New Information | 158 Comments